Express and e-commerce industries focus on green packaging.
The volume of express delivery has soared, and packaging waste has also increased simultaneously, “forcing” companies to take action. According to the “13th Five-Year Plan” development indicators of the express delivery industry, China’s express delivery volume will reach 70 billion pieces in 2020, and the per capita express delivery will increase from 0.01 pieces in 2000 to about 50 pieces in 2020. In order to prevent the package from being damaged during transportation, the package must be packaged as necessary. Therefore, with the rapid increase in the number of express delivery, a large amount of express packaging waste has also been generated, which has caused widespread violence in all sectors of society.
Paper packaging materials are mainly corrugated paper, accounting for 96.18%. Other paper materials include waybills and document bag envelopes, and indirect packaging materials tape cores, accounting for 3.82% in total. In 2018, the corrugated paper consumption in my country’s express delivery industry reached 8.233 million tons, and the express waybill was 187,100 tons. Among them, the express waybill is divided into electronic waybill and the traditional waybill. Traditional waybills generally have quadruples and weigh about 7.5g.
Whether it is residential communities, campuses, or business districts, the current main force for recycling is still elderly residents, cleaners, and mobile scavengers. The garbage in colleges and commercial areas is screened by cleaning staff once or twice a day, and community garbage may be picked up by residents or scavengers before and after the cleaning staff. However, interviewees also said that if the corrugated cartons are filled with domestic garbage, they will be contaminated by oily water stains, and the heavily polluted cartons are usually not recycled.
In addition, a visit in Shanghai found that since the implementation of the “Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on the Management of Domestic Waste”, mobile recyclers have been unable to see the scattered recyclable express packaging (the “Regulations” will include corrugated boxes and other paper express packaging and foam boxes). Classified as recyclable).
The survey found that less than 5% of express carton packaging waste is reused, about 80% of the cartons are recycled by weight, and about 15% are mixed with household garbage.
In 2010, express packaging generated 611,500 tons of carbon emissions, which surged to 13,031,000 tons in 2018, and 710 million trees had to be planted to neutralize it. If an effective green policy is not adopted, the carbon emissions of my country’s express packaging throughout the life cycle will reach 57,061,000 tons in 2025. It can be seen that in the face of the rapid increase in express packaging carbon emissions, it is very urgent for e-commerce platforms and express companies to formulate and implement green management of express packaging.